Title: Robotics and telerobotics technologies
for medicine and surgery Objectives
Author: prof. Alberto Rovetta N. AF-3
The first surgical robotic system was constructed in 1992, in approximately 3 years, using with some modifications an industrial robot Scara IBM. Today approximately 60 robots execute this surgery. There are Aesop robots that help the surgeon for the execution of laparoscopic surgery, supporting the television camera. Robots help in the neurosurgical operations, for the execution of biopsies of the prostate, etc. Robots of experimental type are used for several applications, and approximately 20 robots operate on the articulations of the knee.
Moreover some telerobots very expensive are used for surgical operations at distance. We consider a total of 1000 existing and active robots in year 2001. In 8 years the increment is not at all negligible.
Some positive factors for the adoption of the robots in medicine and surgery are listed.
The cost of an industrial robot adapted to the surgical room is of approximately $ 100-200.000. The cost of the equipment for the calibration and the vision, is about $ 100.000. The cost of the software is not quantifiable, because it can be software for a robot with an only one surgical function and may be software for multifunctional robots, which may execute more types of operations, with a greater cost. In practical, one surgical robotic system may cost 1 million of $.
It is demanded that the robots for the medicine and the surgery are: