Biorobotics is a new scientific
and technological area capable of offering unforeseeable diagnostic and
therapeutic instruments, not only within the healthcare framework but also
for an improved quality of life. Created from a combination of mechanics,
electronics and IT with biology, biorobotics offers a possible solution
for improving current living conditions.
Let us consider bionic limb
prostheses, hearing aids and other aids targeted at neuromotor recovery.
Biorobotics permits the insertion of electronic chips and microsystems
into the human body regardless of whether these are automatic or activated
by human neurone circuits. Biorobotics also means the possibility of
inserting brain chips, implanting microscopic activators in the heart to
pump blood, data and image acquisition microsystems for artificial sight,
microchips to detect sound and to substitute the auditory nerve: in the
history of science, medicine and technology new integrated operations are
Todayís world of ethics is open to
everyone: over the last few years, communication has changed the terms of
knowledge. The lives of thousands of individuals have been saved and
maintained by new technologies. Although our daily quality of life is
guaranteed by the technological systems that we have criticised for years,
we now accept and appreciate them. The age of genetics is a concern, but
many years ago a lot of criticism and protest was proffered in the face of
the first transplants and innovative operations. There are infinite
examples. It is necessary to bear in mind manís aversion to anything new,
unexpected or unforeseeable, a refusal that is inherent in human nature.
However, it is necessary to conquer these fears when one realises that
innovation can benefit mankind as a whole, and not merely the individual.
Future possible developments
and ethical sense of life could become a psychological and moral stimulus
in the face of the enormous difficulties that, though likely to emerge,
will be overcome with time. The religious and cultural bases of all faiths
and civilisations with their myths, sacred texts and psalms do not exclude
the possibility of prolonging life; quite the contrary - according to
numerous interpretations, life is often considered eternal. Nowadays,
thanks not only to the wisdom of knowledge and science, but also the
constant development of new schools of thought and various initiatives,
manís sense of the divine is becoming increasingly mysterious.